African wolf

























Canis aureus lupaster

Egyptian Jackal

The Egyptian or African wolf differs from the Senegalese jackal by being of heavier build. They have wider heads, longer legs, more rounded ears, shorter tails and thicker fur. Their coat is darker than the Golden Jacakal's with a broader white patch on the chest. It inhabits a number of different habitats. For example in Senegal it inhabits tropical, semi-arid regions while in Algeria it lives on both the coast and in hilly areas.

In the early 1800s, W.F. Hemprich and C.G. Ehrenberg recognized that the Egyptian jackal was similar in appearance to Canis lupus. They therefore gave the name Canis lupaster. In 1926 it was classified as a subspecies of the Golden Jackal.

Genetic analyses completed in 2011 proved that the species was in fact a wolf and not a jackel. The African Wolf is thought to be a subspecies of Canis Lupus. It is also thought to have oringinated before the radiation of Holarctic wolves. The African Wolf demonstrates nucleotide and haplotype diversity. This shows tha there was a large ancestral population.

wolf eating


Golden JackalsAfrican Wolf

The Golden Jackal is on the left, the African Wolf on the right.


The African Wolf may have been the inspiration for the likeness of the Egyptian god of the dead, Anubus.

African Wolf

 african wolf skullAfrican Wolf Skull on the left, Golden Jackal Skull on the Right.

African Wolf Head


Canis aureus lupaster

Canis Lupus subspecies (?)

sociable, live in packs or pairs

22 to 35 pounds

Mating Season: Early Spring

Produces 4-5 Pups

Endangered Species