Arctic Fox
RERFERENCES
ARCTIC FOX AND CLIMATE CHANGE
ARCTIC FOX FACTS SHEET
RABIES AND DISTEMPER IN ARCTIC FOX POPULATIONS

arctic fox

arctic fox skull

Subspecies of Arctic Fox

Bering Island Arctic Fox

Vulpes lagopus beringensis (Bering Island Arctic Fox)

Icelandic Arctic Fox

Vulpes lagopus fuliginosus (Island Arctic Fox)

Pribiloft Arctic Fox

Vulpes lagopus pribilofensis (Pribilof Islands Arctic fox)

Greenland Arctic Fox

Vulpes lagopus foragorapusis (Greenland Arctic Fox)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vulpes lagopus

Golden JackalArctic Fox

Arctic Fox on the left in winter coat, Arctic Fox on the right in summer coat

The Arctic fox is known for its snow white winter coat. It is a thick multi-layered fur, which maintains the fox's body temperature. The fur insulation is so good that the fox does not begin to get cold until temperatures drop to -94 degrees Fahrenheit. The thick fur on their paws allows them to walk on snow and ice and has a counter-current system of heat exchange. This maintains the body's core temperature. During the summer months it also accumulates a good supply of body fat. The fox has a low surface area to volume ratio, as evidenced by its generally compact body shape, short muzzle and legs, and short, thick ears. This is ideal as less of its body surface is exposed to cold. Its fur changes color with the seasons, from white in winter to grayish-brown to dark brown in summer. In some populations however it is a steely bluish-gray in the winter and a paler bluish-gray in summer.

This unique fox lives on the Arctic tundra in northern Europe, northern Asia and North America. Its range includes Greenland, Iceland, Fennoscandia, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, islands in the Barents Sea, islands in the Bering Sea, the Aleutian islands, Alaska and Canada.

As a whole the Arctic fox is not in danger of extinction except in Norway, Sweden, and Finland. There are four subspecies of Arctic Fox.

 

wolf eating

 

 

 

  

Golden Jackal and Frog

Golden Jackal feeding puppies

Golden Jackal and Hyena

Arctic Fox

Vulpes lagopus

Four Subspecies

Omnivorous

6-21 Pounds

Mating Season: January-March

Produces 2-12 Pups

Lifespan: 3-6 years

Anubus

arctic fox

Anubus

Anubus