Island Fox
RERFERENCES
THE ISLAND FOX-HERE TODAY
ISLAND FOX FACTS
ISLAND FOX RECOVERY PLAN

 

GOLDEN EAGLES AND ISLAND FOXES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Urocyon littoralis

Golden Jackal

Island Foxes are restricted to the six largest of the eight California Channel Islands located off the coast of southern California, USA. There are six subspecies. These are the smallest of the North American foxes. The San Catalina Island Fox is the largest in size and has the longest tails. The San Catalina Island Fox became endangered after an escaped raccoon brought distemper to the island. The San Nicolas Island Fox is usually lighter in color than the other subspecies, has the longest legs, and the most number of vertebra in the tail. The San Miguel Island Fox is the second largest of the foxes and has the shortest tail. The Santa Rosa Island Fox has the longest ears The Santa Cruz Island Fox is the smallest in size. It also has the shortest legs. The San Clemente Island Fox is the last of the six subspecies. Three, the San Miguel Island Fox, the Santa Rosa Island Fox, and Santa Cruz Island Fox, were nearly brought to extinction by the predication of the Golden Eagle.

 

wolf eating

Gray Fox Skull on the left and Island Fox Skull on the right

 

 

 

 

Island fox kit

Golden Jackal feeding puppies

 

 

 

Urocyon littoralis

Descended from the Gray Fox

Omnivorous

7-14 Pounds

Monogamous

Mating season: February-March

Extremely territorially

Produces 1-5 Pups

Hunt during the day, most active at dust and dawn

Lifespan: up to 15 years

San Miguel Island Fox

San Miguel Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis littoralis) Endangered

Santa Rosa Island Fox

Santa Rosa Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis santarosae) Endangered

Santa Cruz Island Fox

Santa Cruz Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis santacruzae) Endangered

Catalina Island Fox

Catalina Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis catalinae) Recovering Population Recovering

San Nicolas  Island Fox

San Nicolas Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis dickeyi)

San Clementa Island Fox

San Clemente Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis clementae)