Raccoon Dog


Wintering strategy of the
boreal raccoon dogWintering Strategy of the boreal raccoon dog

Management of the invasive Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in the north-European countries

Differences in habitat use of the native raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides albus) and the invasive alien raccoon (Procyon lotor) in the Nopporo Natural Forest Park, Hokkaido, Japan

Predilection Muscles and Physical Condition of Raccoon Dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) Experimentally Infected with Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella nativa









Nyctereutes procyonoides

Raccoon Dog

The Raccoon dog is native to Asia. This small wild dog resembles a raccoon in its markings. It is an omnivore, employing similar behavior to its namesake. Raccoon Dogs are found in Japan and throughout Europe where it was introduced and is considered an invasive species. The Raccoon Dog was once found across China but is now extinct in many places.

There are five subspecies of Raccoon dogs, Nyctereutes procyonoides koreensis found in Korea, Nyctereutes procyonoides orestes found in Yunnan, China, Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis found in Russia, northeastern China, Korea, and Europe, Nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus found in Japan, and Nyctereutes procyonoides procyonoides found in the rest of Asia.

Raccoon dogs are the only canid that that are able to (hibernate) or sleep through severe weather when food sources are not available. This is a unique survival strategy. Raccoon Dogs like the American Gray Fox climb trees. Raccoon Dogs have dexterous front paws. They prefer forested habitates near water.

Raccoon Dogs have canines and carnassials, flat molars. Their intestines are up to 2 times as long as other wild canids. They have long bodies and short legs. They have short tails compared to other canids. Their ears as short as well. They weight from 6 to 15 pounds depending on the season of the year. The winter coat is thick with a dense undercoat. They can survive temperatures as low as -30 degrees. The color ranges from brown to brownish grey with black guard hairs. A dark strip runs down the back. The abdomen is yellowish brown. The chest is brown or black and the muzzle is covered with short hair which lengthens and forms a crest behind the ears. During the summer the coat lightens to a reddish hue.Raccoon dogs whelp in late April to early May and produce litters from 5 to 16 pups.

The Raccoon Dog is thriving in Europe where it is often considered a nusance animal, but is declining in Asia due to habitat loss and over hunting.

Raccoon Dog with pups

Raccoon Dog Face

Raccoon Dog Skeleton










Raccoon Dog Pair











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Nyctereutes procyonoides

Subspecies of the Gray Wolf

Lifespan 4-12 years

80-120 lbs

coloration ranges from tawny grey and tan to black and pure white

4-6 puppies

Alaska Interior and Yukon

Viable population